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OpenDatabaseAction.java

package net.sf.jabref.imports;

import java.awt.event.ActionEvent;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.Reader;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;

import javax.swing.JOptionPane;
import javax.swing.SwingUtilities;

import net.sf.jabref.BasePanel;
import net.sf.jabref.BibtexDatabase;
import net.sf.jabref.GUIGlobals;
import net.sf.jabref.Globals;
import net.sf.jabref.JabRefFrame;
import net.sf.jabref.MnemonicAwareAction;
import net.sf.jabref.Util;
import net.sf.jabref.export.AutoSaveManager;
import net.sf.jabref.export.SaveSession;
import net.sf.jabref.gui.FileDialogs;
import net.sf.jabref.external.FileLinksUpgradeWarning;

// The action concerned with opening an existing database.

public class OpenDatabaseAction extends MnemonicAwareAction {

    boolean showDialog;
    private JabRefFrame frame;

    // List of actions that may need to be called after opening the file. Such as
    // upgrade actions etc. that may depend on the JabRef version that wrote the file:
    private static ArrayList<PostOpenAction> postOpenActions =
            new ArrayList<PostOpenAction>();

    static {
        // Add the action for checking for new custom entry types loaded from
        // the bib file:
        postOpenActions.add(new CheckForNewEntryTypesAction());
        // Add the action for the new external file handling system in version 2.3:
        postOpenActions.add(new FileLinksUpgradeWarning());
    }

    public OpenDatabaseAction(JabRefFrame frame, boolean showDialog) {
        super(GUIGlobals.getImage("open"));
        this.frame = frame;
        this.showDialog = showDialog;
        putValue(NAME, "Open database");
        putValue(ACCELERATOR_KEY, Globals.prefs.getKey("Open database"));
        putValue(SHORT_DESCRIPTION, Globals.lang("Open BibTeX database"));
    }

    public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
        List<File> filesToOpen = new ArrayList<File>();
        //File fileToOpen = null;

        if (showDialog) {

            String[] chosen = FileDialogs.getMultipleFiles(frame, new File(Globals.prefs.get("workingDirectory")), ".bib",
                    true);
            if (chosen != null) for (int i=0; i<chosen.length; i++) {
                if (chosen[i] != null)
                    filesToOpen.add(new File(chosen[i]));
            }

            /*
            String chosenFile = Globals.getNewFile(frame,
                    new File(Globals.prefs.get("workingDirectory")), ".bib",
                    JFileChooser.OPEN_DIALOG, true);

            if (chosenFile != null) {
                fileToOpen = new File(chosenFile);
            }*/
        } else {
            Util.pr(NAME);
            Util.pr(e.getActionCommand());
            filesToOpen.add(new File(Util.checkName(e.getActionCommand())));
        }

        BasePanel toRaise = null;
        int initialCount = filesToOpen.size(), removed = 0;
        
        // Check if any of the files are already open:
        for (Iterator<File> iterator = filesToOpen.iterator(); iterator.hasNext();) {
            File file = iterator.next();
            for (int i=0; i<frame.getTabbedPane().getTabCount(); i++) {
                BasePanel bp = frame.baseAt(i);
                if ((bp.getFile() != null) && bp.getFile().equals(file)) {
                    iterator.remove();
                    removed++;
                    // See if we removed the final one. If so, we must perhaps
                    // raise the BasePanel in question:
                    if (removed == initialCount) {
                        toRaise = bp;
                    }
                    break;
                }
            }
        }


        // Run the actual open in a thread to prevent the program
        // locking until the file is loaded.
        if (filesToOpen.size() > 0) {
            final List<File> theFiles = Collections.unmodifiableList(filesToOpen);
            (new Thread() {
                public void run() {
                    for (Iterator<File> i=theFiles.iterator(); i.hasNext();)
                        openIt(i.next(), true);

                }
            }).start();
            for (Iterator<File> i=theFiles.iterator(); i.hasNext();)
                frame.getFileHistory().newFile(i.next().getPath());
        }
        // If no files are remaining to open, this could mean that a file was
        // already open. If so, we may have to raise the correct tab:
        else if (toRaise != null) {
            frame.output(Globals.lang("File '%0' is already open.", toRaise.getFile().getPath()));
            frame.getTabbedPane().setSelectedComponent(toRaise);
        }
    }

    class OpenItSwingHelper implements Runnable {
        BasePanel bp;
        boolean raisePanel;
        File file;

        OpenItSwingHelper(BasePanel bp, File file, boolean raisePanel) {
            this.bp = bp;
            this.raisePanel = raisePanel;
            this.file = file;
        }

        public void run() {
            frame.addTab(bp, file, raisePanel);

        }
    }

    public void openIt(File file, boolean raisePanel) {
        if ((file != null) && (file.exists())) {
            File fileToLoad = file;
            frame.output(Globals.lang("Opening") + ": '" + file.getPath() + "'");
            boolean tryingAutosave = false;
            boolean autoSaveFound = AutoSaveManager.newerAutoSaveExists(file);
            if (autoSaveFound && !Globals.prefs.getBoolean("promptBeforeUsingAutosave")) {
                // We have found a newer autosave, and the preferences say we should load
                // it without prompting, so we replace the fileToLoad:
                fileToLoad = AutoSaveManager.getAutoSaveFile(file);
                tryingAutosave = true;
            } else if (autoSaveFound) {
                // We have found a newer autosave, but we are not allowed to use it without
                // prompting.
                int answer = JOptionPane.showConfirmDialog(null,"<html>"+
                        Globals.lang("An autosave file was found for this database. This could indicate "
                            +"that JabRef didn't shut down cleanly last time the file was used.")+"<br>"
                        +Globals.lang("Do you want to recover the database from the autosave file?")+"</html>",
                        Globals.lang("Recover from autosave"), JOptionPane.YES_NO_OPTION);
                if (answer == JOptionPane.YES_OPTION) {
                    fileToLoad = AutoSaveManager.getAutoSaveFile(file);
                    tryingAutosave = true;
                }
            }

            boolean done = false;
            while (!done) {
                String fileName = file.getPath();
                Globals.prefs.put("workingDirectory", file.getPath());
                // Should this be done _after_ we know it was successfully opened?
                String encoding = Globals.prefs.get("defaultEncoding");

                if (Util.hasLockFile(file)) {
                    long modTime = Util.getLockFileTimeStamp(file);
                    if ((modTime != -1) && (System.currentTimeMillis() - modTime
                            > SaveSession.LOCKFILE_CRITICAL_AGE)) {
                        // The lock file is fairly old, so we can offer to "steal" the file:
                        int answer = JOptionPane.showConfirmDialog(null, "<html>"+Globals.lang("Error opening file")
                            +" '"+fileName+"'. "+Globals.lang("File is locked by another JabRef instance.")
                            +"<p>"+Globals.lang("Do you want to override the file lock?"),
                            Globals.lang("File locked"), JOptionPane.YES_NO_OPTION);
                        if (answer == JOptionPane.YES_OPTION) {
                            Util.deleteLockFile(file);
                        }
                        else return;
                    }
                    else if (!Util.waitForFileLock(file, 10)) {
                        JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null, Globals.lang("Error opening file")
                            +" '"+fileName+"'. "+Globals.lang("File is locked by another JabRef instance."),
                            Globals.lang("Error"), JOptionPane.ERROR_MESSAGE);
                        return;
                    }


                }
                ParserResult pr;
                String errorMessage = null;
                try {
                    pr = loadDatabase(fileToLoad, encoding);
                } catch (Exception ex) {
                    //ex.printStackTrace();
                    errorMessage = ex.getMessage();
                    pr = null;
                }
                if ((pr == null) || (pr == ParserResult.INVALID_FORMAT)) {
                    JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null, Globals.lang("Error opening file") + " '" + fileName + "'",
                            Globals.lang("Error"),
                            JOptionPane.ERROR_MESSAGE);

                    String message = "<html>"+errorMessage+"<p>"+
                            (tryingAutosave ? Globals.lang("Error opening autosave of '%0'. Trying to load '%0' instead.", file.getName())
                            : ""/*Globals.lang("Error opening file '%0'.", file.getName())*/)+"</html>";
                    JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(null, message, Globals.lang("Error opening file"), JOptionPane.ERROR_MESSAGE);

                    if (tryingAutosave) {
                        tryingAutosave = false;
                        fileToLoad = file;
                    }
                    else
                        done = true;
                    continue;
                } else done = true;

                final BasePanel panel = addNewDatabase(pr, file, raisePanel);
                if (tryingAutosave)
                    panel.markNonUndoableBaseChanged();

                // After adding the database, go through our list and see if
                // any post open actions need to be done. For instance, checking
                // if we found new entry types that can be imported, or checking
                // if the database contents should be modified due to new features
                // in this version of JabRef:
                final ParserResult prf = pr;
                SwingUtilities.invokeLater(new Runnable() {
                    public void run() {
                        performPostOpenActions(panel, prf, true);
                    }
                });
            }

            
        }
    }

    /**
     * Go through the list of post open actions, and perform those that need
     * to be performed.
     * @param panel The BasePanel where the database is shown.
     * @param pr The result of the bib file parse operation.
     */
    public static void performPostOpenActions(BasePanel panel, ParserResult pr,
                                              boolean mustRaisePanel) {
        for (Iterator<PostOpenAction> iterator = postOpenActions.iterator(); iterator.hasNext();) {
            PostOpenAction action = iterator.next();
            if (action.isActionNecessary(pr)) {
                if (mustRaisePanel)
                    panel.frame().getTabbedPane().setSelectedComponent(panel);
                action.performAction(panel, pr);
            }
        }
    }

    public BasePanel addNewDatabase(ParserResult pr, File file,
                               boolean raisePanel) {

        String fileName = file.getPath();
        BibtexDatabase db = pr.getDatabase();
        HashMap<String, String> meta = pr.getMetaData();

        if (pr.hasWarnings()) {
            final String[] wrns = pr.warnings();
            (new Thread() {
                public void run() {
                    StringBuffer wrn = new StringBuffer();
                    for (int i = 0; i < wrns.length; i++)
                        wrn.append(i + 1).append(". ").append(wrns[i]).append("\n");

                    if (wrn.length() > 0)
                        wrn.deleteCharAt(wrn.length() - 1);
                    // Note to self or to someone else: The following line causes an
                    // ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException in situations with a large number of
                    // warnings; approx. 5000 for the database I opened when I observed the problem
                    // (duplicate key warnings). I don't think this is a big problem for normal situations,
                    // and it may possibly be a bug in the Swing code.
                    JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(frame, wrn.toString(),
                            Globals.lang("Warnings"),
                            JOptionPane.WARNING_MESSAGE);
                }
            }).start();
        }
        BasePanel bp = new BasePanel(frame, db, file, meta, pr.getEncoding());

        // file is set to null inside the EventDispatcherThread
        SwingUtilities.invokeLater(new OpenItSwingHelper(bp, file, raisePanel));

        frame.output(Globals.lang("Opened database") + " '" + fileName +
                "' " + Globals.lang("with") + " " +
                db.getEntryCount() + " " + Globals.lang("entries") + ".");

        return bp;
    }

    public static ParserResult loadDatabase(File fileToOpen, String encoding)
            throws IOException {

        // First we make a quick check to see if this looks like a BibTeX file:
        Reader reader;// = ImportFormatReader.getReader(fileToOpen, encoding);
        //if (!BibtexParser.isRecognizedFormat(reader))
        //    return null;

        // The file looks promising. Reinitialize the reader and go on:
        //reader = getReader(fileToOpen, encoding);

        // We want to check if there is a JabRef signature in the file, because that would tell us
        // which character encoding is used. However, to read the signature we must be using a compatible
        // encoding in the first place. Since the signature doesn't contain any fancy characters, we can
        // read it regardless of encoding, with either UTF8 or UTF-16. That's the hypothesis, at any rate.
        // 8 bit is most likely, so we try that first:
        Reader utf8Reader = ImportFormatReader.getReader(fileToOpen, "UTF8");
        String suppliedEncoding = checkForEncoding(utf8Reader);
        utf8Reader.close();
        // Now if that didn't get us anywhere, we check with the 16 bit encoding:
        if (suppliedEncoding == null) {
            Reader utf16Reader = ImportFormatReader.getReader(fileToOpen, "UTF-16");
            suppliedEncoding = checkForEncoding(utf16Reader);
            utf16Reader.close();
            //System.out.println("Result of UTF-16 test: "+suppliedEncoding);
        }

        //System.out.println(suppliedEncoding != null ? "Encoding: '"+suppliedEncoding+"' Len: "+suppliedEncoding.length() : "no supplied encoding");

        if ((suppliedEncoding != null)) {
           try {
               reader = ImportFormatReader.getReader(fileToOpen, suppliedEncoding);
               encoding = suppliedEncoding; // Just so we put the right info into the ParserResult.
           } catch (Exception ex) {
               ex.printStackTrace();
               reader = ImportFormatReader.getReader(fileToOpen, encoding); // The supplied encoding didn't work out, so we use the default.
           }
        } else {
            // We couldn't find a header with info about encoding. Use default:
            reader = ImportFormatReader.getReader(fileToOpen, encoding);
        }

        BibtexParser bp = new BibtexParser(reader);

        ParserResult pr = bp.parse();
        pr.setEncoding(encoding);

        return pr;
    }

    private static String checkForEncoding(Reader reader) {
        String suppliedEncoding = null;
        StringBuffer headerText = new StringBuffer();
        try {
            boolean keepon = true;
            int piv = 0, offset = 0;
            int c;

            while (keepon) {
                c = reader.read();
                if ((piv == 0) && ((c == '%') || (Character.isWhitespace((char)c))))
                    offset++;
                else {
                    headerText.append((char) c);
                    if (c == GUIGlobals.SIGNATURE.charAt(piv))
                        piv++;
                    else //if (((char)c) == '@')
                        keepon = false;
                }
                //System.out.println(headerText.toString());
                found:
                if (piv == GUIGlobals.SIGNATURE.length()) {
                    keepon = false;

                    //if (headerText.length() > GUIGlobals.SIGNATURE.length())
                    //    System.out.println("'"+headerText.toString().substring(0, headerText.length()-GUIGlobals.SIGNATURE.length())+"'");
                    // Found the signature. The rest of the line is unknown, so we skip
                    // it:
                    while (reader.read() != '\n'){
                        // keep reading
                    }
                    // If the next line starts with something like "% ", handle this:
                    while (((c =reader.read()) == '%') || (Character.isWhitespace((char)c))){
                        // keep reading
                    }
                    // Then we must skip the "Encoding: ". We may already have read the first
                    // character:
                    if ((char)c != GUIGlobals.encPrefix.charAt(0))
                        break found;

                    for (int i = 1; i < GUIGlobals.encPrefix.length(); i++) {
                        if (reader.read() != GUIGlobals.encPrefix.charAt(i))
                            break found; // No,
                        // it
                        // doesn't
                        // seem
                        // to
                        // match.
                    }
                    
                    // If ok, then read the rest of the line, which should contain the
                    // name
                    // of the encoding:
                    StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();

                    while ((c = reader.read()) != '\n') {
                        sb.append((char) c);
                    }


                    suppliedEncoding = sb.toString();
                }
            }
        } catch (IOException ex) {
        }
        return suppliedEncoding != null ? suppliedEncoding.trim() : null;
    }
}

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